AF Operation: Differences between One-Shot AF, AI Servo AF, and AI Focus AF (EOS 70D)
Article ID: ART141389 | Date published: 05/13/2015 | Date last updated: 11/04/2015
 

Description

AF Operation: Differences between One-Shot AF, AI Servo AF, and AI Focus AF (EOS 70D)

Solution

This camera has three types of AF operation that can be selected to accommodate different shootingconditions and subjects.
NOTE
  • In the Basic Zone modes, the optimum AF operation is set automatically for the respective shooting mode.
Icons used on this page:
[ ]: Shooting tab 1 / <>: Main Dial / <>: Quick Control Dial

One-Shot AF for Still Subjects

Suited for still subjects. When you press the shutter button halfway, the camera will focus only once.

  • When focus is achieved, the dot inside the AF point achieving focus lights up briefly in red, and the focus confirmation light in the viewfinder will also light up.
  • With evaluative metering the exposure setting will be set at the same time focus is achieved.
  • While you hold down the shutter button halfway, the focus will be locked. You can then recompose the shot if desired.
NOTE
  • If focus cannot be achieved, the focus confirmation light in the viewfinder will blink. If this occurs, the picture cannot be taken even if the shutter button is pressed completely. Recompose the shot and try to focus again, or see "Subjects Difficult to Focus" in the Related information.
  • If [ : Beep] is set to [Disable], the beeper will not sound when focus is achieved.

AI Servo AF for Moving Subjects

This AF operation is suited for moving subjects when the focusing distance keeps changing. While you hold down the shutter button halfway, the subject will be focused continuously.

  • The exposure is set at the moment the picture is taken.
  • When the AF area selection mode is set to 19-point automatic selection AF, the camera first uses the manually-selected AF point to focus. During autofocusing, if the subject moves away from the manually-selected AF point, focus tracking continues as long as the subject is covered by the Area AF frame.
NOTE
With AI Servo AF, the beeper will not sound even when focus is achieved. Also, the focus confirmation light in the viewfinder will not light up.

AI Focus AF for Switching the AF Operation Automatically

AI Focus AF switches the AF operation from One-Shot AF to AI Servo AF automatically if a still subject starts moving.

  • After the subject is focused in One-Shot AF, if the subject starts moving, the camera will detect the movement, change the AF operation automatically to AI Servo AF, and keep tracking the moving subject.
NOTE
When focus is achieved in the AI Focus AF operation with the Servo mode active, the beeper will sound softly. However, the focus confirmation light in the viewfinder will not light up. Note that focus will not be locked in this case.

Changing the Autofocus Operation

1. On the lens, set the focus mode switch to <AF>.

2. Turn the Mode Dial to a Creative Zone mode.

3. Press the <AF> button.

4. While looking at the LCD panel, turn the <> or <> dial.

  • ONE SHOT: One-Shot AF
  • AI FOCUS: AI Focus AF
  • AI SERVO: AI Servo AF


Difficult subjects for AF (Auto Focus) (EOS 70D) Shooting with Focus Lock (EOS 70D)

SIMS Doc Id

8201829200